Cause and effect? - ● Physical and psychological causes

Article Index

As banal as it sounds, but especially for people with intellectual disabilities, especially when the linguistic expression possibilities are limited and the problem behavior perhaps even "suddenly" occurs, are primarily physical causes ruled out! Pain, discomfort, gastrointestinal problems may trigger sudden aggression or self-harm. If I do not know what is going on in my body, if I can not identify it and describe, if I can not inform my opponent, so this often triggers despair or anger. Pain in the joints -  also in overweight -.., An ingrown nail combined with the invitation to walk can also trigger such reactions.

Physical causes can be very diverse, chronic and sometimes hidden. All the more it is important to put these considerations before a supposed problem behavior is treated or treated with medication, especially since the cause would continue to exist.

Side effects of medications, "funny feelings" of the body, which can not be put into words, is can also be reflected in sudden behavior.

Mental disorders: people with cognitive impairments can, like everyone else suffer from mental illness. As various studies have shown that this occurs even more frequently than in people without cognitive impairment. Since the diagnosis is made ​​to a large extent on the experience and behavior of the person notified, the difficulties to make a timely diagnosis in this group of people explain. Unfortunately, experts in this field are few and still quite thin.

In addition, there are genetic diseases in which certain behaviors - including problem behavior - occur more frequently. One speaks in this case of so-called "behavioral phenotypes". These include the "Fragile X Syndrome", "Prader-Willi Syndrome", "Cornelia de Lange Syndrome", "Rett Syndrome", "Smith-Magenis syndrome". Although the existence of forces not necessarily a specific behavior, in particular interactions but come on specific behaviors more frequently.